Teacher Sample

8th Grade Standard - 8.NS.A.2

The Number System


Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., π 2 ). For example, by truncating the decimal expansion of √2, show that √2 is between 1 and 2, then between 1.4 and 1.5, and explain how to continue on to get better approximations.


How far away is the final map point?

The best way to visualize and use irrational numbers is to approximate them with a decimal. In Treasure Hunt, Caterina Fenn hires Tiberius Picklebottom to help her find her grandfather’s hidden treasure. Based on a map and a few calculations, Tiberius determines the distance to the treasure is √2 miles. They must approximate this distance in order to use the theodolite (the measuring device), and want to be as accurate as possible to minimize their digging efforts.

Day 1

The Math Simulator™

1. Immersion

  • Play Treasure Hunt Immersion video, whole-class.
  • Restate the question: How far away is the final map point?
  • Facilitate classroom discussion, ask students: "What are your ideas to help the Professor?"

2. Data & Computation

  • Print the Data Artifact, cut into halves, and distribute to students.
  • Allow students work time. Then ask students "Does your answer make sense?"
  • Consider using a sharing protocol to lead to mathematical insights and/or highlight misconceptions.
  • Allow students to revise their work.

3. Resolution

Answer: The final map point and treasure is approximately 1.41 miles away!

Day 2

Clicker Quiz


1. Have your students go to midschoolmath.com/clicker.

2. Click on Launch Clicker Quiz and note Clicker Quiz #.

3. Have students enter quiz code on their screens.

4. Launch Clicker Quiz.

5. Review Clicker Quiz results and prompt students to make connections to the Math Simulator.


Day 3

Practice Printable


1. Print and distribute the Practice Printable to your students.

2. Print the Teacher Answer Key.

3. Give a short 5-7 minute teacher lecture on the concept of the standard.

4. Have students complete the Practice Printable.

5. Have students complete the Student Reflection Assignment.



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